Types of Myopia Control
There are three widely accepted types of myopia control treatments: Specific types of contact lenses, increasing the distance between the eye and the object of regard when close (reading, computer, mobile devices), and specific eye drops. Optometrists throughout the country use different methods, sometimes combining methods for maximum impact. There is a lot of bad information out there. However, the Institute for Control of Eye Myopia exists to educate parents using the latest randomized, peer reviewed study data and summarizing it for your perusal. We also align you with specialists in your area trained in myopia control and Orthokeratology (OrthoK).
In several scientific studies specific types of contact and eyeglass lenses have been shown to effectively control the progression of myopia. Ortho-K lenses, distance-center bifocal contact lenses, and bifocal eyeglasses are all methods with randomized, controlled peer-reviewed studies on their effectiveness in slowing down or preventing the progression of myopia. The myopia control specialist you choose will determine which methods are the best fit for your child based on prescription and lifestyle and monitor change over time with the goal of minimizing myopic “creep”.
Changes to one’s environment can help control myopia. Some studies show increasing the amount of time spent outdoors helps to control myopia, though there is no concrete evidence to support this. Some scientists also believe that near work (reading) can cause the progression of myopia, though a direct correlation has not been discovered. One thing we know is that the when the “working” distance (the distance from the eyes to the object of regard) is too short, myopia increases faster than when the object of regard is held further away from the face.
Atropine, available in eye drop or ointment form, has been found in several studies to reduce the progression of myopia. Applied once a day, atropine treatment is continued as long as myopia progression continues. It is not a cure, but it has shown to control myopia in many patients and in some cases may be used in conjunction with bifocal eyeglasses to enhance the myopia control effect.
Schedule an Appointment for Myopia Control
If you suffer from nearsightedness, there are ways to slow its progression. Contact an Eye Myopia doctor near you to schedule a consultation.