Myopia, also known as nearsightedness or shortsightedness, is the eye condition in which objects nearby or a short distance away are clear but objects that are far away are blurred. Caused by the gradual elongation of the eyeball, myopia affects more than a billion people around the world, including 42% of people 12-54 in the United States. Myopia is an issue that can hinder your child’s learning and set them back from an early age. Progressive myopia can also lead to thinning of the retina, which can lead to increased risk of eye diseases like retinal detachments.
Myopia Control describes methods used to slow the progression of myopia. At The Myopia Institute, we provide references on the methods backed by scientific research as well as a directory of doctors who specialize in myopia control and are trained to administer these treatments to children at an early age in order to proactively slow down or stop progression of myopia. Myopia Control researchers attempt to discover proactive means of treatment, including yearly eye exams starting at as young as five years old. The earlier the problem is identified and treatment initiated the better the long term results are likely to be.
Proven Myopia Treatments
There are four main treatments currently being used to control myopia with varying success. They are:
- Atropine eye drops — medicine designed to dilate the pupil and relax the focus center; must be used in conjunction with reading glasses in most cases
- Distance-Center Multifocal contact lenses — special lenses that have different powers in different zones of the lens to correct vision problems
- Orthokeratology (“ortho-k”) — specially designed contact lenses that are worn at night to prevent symptoms of myopia during the day
- Multifocal eyeglasses — in some specific types of eyes with “Esophoria” adult bifocals or multifocal eyeglasses can help retard progression of myopia
Each method offers different benefits to those suffering from myopia. Our experienced doctors will determine the best treatment for you or your child based on individual needs.
Schedule an Appointment Regarding Myopia Control Near You
If you suffer from nearsightedness, there are ways to slow its progression. Find an Eye Myopia doctor near you to schedule a consultation.