Children should be able to see and explore the world on their own. Although having good eyesight is essential to this, nearsightedness or myopia, has become one of the most common obstructions to this, especially in children.
The Myopia Institute understands that you want to protect your child from developing this condition. One way to combat this is through awareness and health education. Our trusted optometrist in Rockville, MD, answers some common questions you might have about this vision impairment.
Question #1: What is Myopia?
Whenever you look at an object, light rays pass through the cornea and lens of your eyes. These eye structures bend the light, so that it focuses on the retina. Myopia or nearsightedness happens when the light focuses on the front part of the retina instead of directly on it.
Question #2: What are its Symptoms?
Squinting is a common early sign of this condition. The hallmark sign is when your child has difficulties seeing an object at a distance yet has no problems seeing things up close. Your child may also experience frequent headaches or eye strain.
Question #3: How is This Condition Diagnosed?
Through a comprehensive eye exam, our skilled eye doctor in Rockville, MD, may be able to determine if your child has myopia. This usually starts with a visual acuity test, which measures how well your child can see distant objects. We may also conduct a retinoscopy exam to identify the extent of the refractive error.
Question #4: What are the Treatment Options?
We have three widely accepted treatment methods for myopia: change in environment, lenses, and medication. For the first option, recent studies have shown that children who spend time outdoors have a relatively low risk of developing this vision impairment. This method allows their eyes to accommodate near and distant viewing.
The most common option is wearing multifocal eyeglasses or contact lenses. These contain prescriptions for both near and distant viewing. We also offer cornea refractive therapy or orthokeratology, which involves using corrective lenses overnight to reshape the cornea.
The third method of myopia control in Rockville, MD, is through administration of atropine eye drops or ointment. This medication can make your pupils larger, halting your eyes’ focusing ability temporarily.
Most importantly, having regular eye exams ensures constant and proper monitoring of your child’s vision development. Depending on your child’s manifestations and personal circumstances, we will recommend the proper management and discuss it thoroughly with you and your child.
If you have noticed any vision difficulties with your child or you want to know more, please contact us at (301) 363-0060. You may also complete our form to schedule an appointment.