Dry eye syndrome, or simply dry eyes, happens when a person is unable to produce tears of the right quality or quantity. It is a common problem; in fact, surveys show that it is one of the top reasons patients see an eye doctor. Apart from compromising your visual health and comfort, recent studies show that dry eye disease can lead to other problems.
Here’s what Myopia Institute wants you to know about dry eyes:
How It Happens
Several glands in and around your eyelids produce tears. Their production, however, decreases as you age, leading to lower tear levels. Environmental factors, such as dry or windy climates, may also cause your tears to evaporate rapidly. The same could also happen when the tears you produce are not of the right consistency. Tears are composed of three layers: mucus, oil and water. Each one plays an important role in moisturizing your eyes and keeping them hydrated. If your tears lack any of these layers, you may experience dry eyes.
How It Affects You
When your tear quantity or quality is affected, you may experience dry eye symptoms. These may include your eyes feeling gritty, as if something is stuck on their surface. Your eyes may also get red and itchy. Your optometrist explains that your eyes may try to compensate for the dryness, which is why sometimes they get watery. Your eyes may feel heavy and sore as well.
A recent study, which had around 1,000 dry eye patients as participants, found that people with dry eyes have a lower quality of life than those who don’t have this condition. The participants’ answers to the study questionnaires revealed that most of them have a hard time doing the simple activities of daily living. The pain they experience makes it difficult for them to establish positive social relationships. They are likely to be depressed, anxious and unhealthy as well.
How It Is Managed
Your specialist on dry eyes, myopia control and other eye conditions may recommend applying artificial tears or medicated drops on your eyes to control your symptoms. Behavior modification, such as letting your eyes rest for regular intervals especially when using devices, can also help. There are available medical procedures that can increase tear production as well.
To learn more about dry eyes, contact a local myopia control expert in your area.