More than 20% of the entire population in the world suffers from myopia or nearsightedness, making it the most common ophthalmic condition in the world. There is still no cure for myopia, but, fortunately, early myopia control treatment can slow down the progression in adolescence and adulthood.
Myopia Control: Your Treatment Options
- Atropine eye drops – Studies have reported the use of atropine eye drops reduced the progression of myopia by 81 percent in children, but the effectiveness of this treatment lasted only for about a year. The long-term effects of the prolonged use of atropine eye drops still need further study, which is why most eye doctors are reluctant to prescribe this medication.
- Multifocal contact lenses – Different sections of multifocal lenses have varying levels of strength to correct nearsightedness. A 2011 study in New Zealand reported that myopia progression in 70% of the children who took part in the study was reduced by 30% or more.
It’s also worth noting that the Food and Drug Administration approved the first contact lenses for myopia control treatment in children aged between 8 and 12. However, the contact lenses called MiSight is still not available in the market. And in the event it’s made available to patients, you’ll still need a prescription from your eye doctor.
- Multifocal eyeglasses – These eyeglasses that function like multifocal contact lenses.
Orthokeratology – Orthokeratology, or ortho-k, lenses or corneal reshaping lenses are worn while patients are asleep at night to temporarily correct myopia. Studies have suggested the use of ortho-k lenses in childhood can reduce the progression of myopia in adulthood.
The Importance of Early Treatment
Myopia often begins in childhood and untreated myopia can impair children’s performance in school. As such, it’s important that parents take their children to see their optometrist at least once a year.
The Institute for Control of Eye Myopia in Children offers a wide range of professional eye care services. To schedule an appointment with one of our highly trained optometrists, you can call us at (301) 363-0060 or leave us a message here. We serve patients in Rockville, MD, as well as the surrounding communities.